The Covid-19 pandemic is a foreshadowing of the current and future challenges of emerging infectious diseases. Which has never been recognized before but has existed for decades or centuries and turns out differently each time (Anthony Fawcett, US National. The covid-19 pandemic
Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases).Prevalence appears to have increased in the early 1900s. As epidemic pathogens, five virus families have become widespread. More than 19 people in two Covid-19 outbreaks killed people One of the most common outbreaks was the Spanish flu in 1918 and 1919.
Another is the HIV epidemic, which has been rampant for nearly 40 years. Also, many new viruses in recent decades have emerged, including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), human avian influenza, Ebola. Marburg hemorrhagic fever, Nipah virus and the current Covid-19 pandemic. The scale of the outbreak is causing international concern have challenged science. Caused massive human suffering and death, and caused massive economic damage.
The Covid-19 pandemic is emerging
The full impact of the Covid-19 pandemic is far greater than the number of reported deaths. Although the death toll from the outbreak is 7.2. Estimated at millions, a recent study estimated that the disease kills 16.2 million people worldwide.
The real problem is as we emerge from the Covid-19 pandemic. So now public health protection preparations. New policies are essential to build response capacity. Today’s outbreaks of infectious diseases in animals and humans’ indicates our helplessness. Prevalence seems to increase during infectious diseases and in some areas of modern life.
For example, increased interaction between humans and animals, loss of biodiversity, changes in ecosystems, rapid urbanization and Limitation of basic services, climate change etc. Animals account for more than 70 percent of all infectious diseases. On the other hand, indiscriminate use of antimicrobials for animal growth.
Developing antimicrobial resistance (AMR).
And creating ‘superbugs’. This, in turn, disables drugs designed to stop the virus. Even ours. Agricultural production and marketing systems are also largely responsible for the emergence of the virus. Such public health crises are nothing new. But are we able to solve this problem?
Is the solution even possible?
By looking at past epidemics, one can predict future crises. But we pay attention to that. I didn’t Since then the prevalence of the virus has increased over time, causing massive health, social and economic losses. Every time such an outbreak or epidemic occurs, the crisis is dealt with by taking all kinds of measures.
But as the situation improves and people’s panic subsides, the health care system is returning to normal. Steps that can be taken in this situation include rapid diagnosis and confirmation of the virus, robust research to understand the life cycle of the new virus, development of effective and safe immune response to control the new virus, infecting.
Taking appropriate measures for patients. Risk factors and other viral outbreaks, is the most important thing. Virus detection and monitoring. But in the case of Covid-19, this issue has not been given much importance.